Introduction: The aim of this study was to look into the occurrence and distribution of Cranium-cerebral traumas among the pediatric population in the Prefecture of Laconia during the years 2005-2010, with the aim of seeking causes or risk factors, the record of the typed of treatment (diagnosis, therapy, outcome) and the correlation with demographic and other factors. Material-Method: This study was conducted with collected data from the hospital records and emergency log bogs from the Emergency Department of the General Hospital of Sparta. Specifically modified record from were used, which included the demographic facts of the patients, the methods of their arrival to the hospital, their clinical picture, the type and the gravity of their injury, possible accompanying injuries, diagnostic test, treatment and the outcome and facts that are relevant to the injury and the cause of it. The statistical analysis was done by using parametric tests and statistical; analysis concerning the descriptive characteristics of variables made in Microsoft Office Excel 2007, PASW Statistics 18. Results: There were 569 cases of children with head injuries, who came to the Emergency Department from the 1 January 2005 until 31 December 2010. Out of the told of the cases, 68,5% was for boys while 31,5% was for girls. The cause of cranium cerebral trauma in children is influenced by the place of residence and their means of arrival at the Emergency Department, while the outcome of cranium cerebral trauma are influenced by nationality and place of residence.Conclusions: This study highlighted the magnitude and the epidemiological characteristics of the problems of Cranium cerebral trauma in the Prefecture of Laconia, with a view for the need of intervention at a level of prevention.